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Contoh kalimat dengan modal part 2


Contoh kalimat dengan modal part 2-helo fellas :), berjumpa lagi dalam blog penuh edukasi ini. Pertemuan sebelumnya telah membahas penggunaan modals dalam bentuk modal + verb word. Kali ini pak guru akan membahas bentuk penggunaan modals dalam kalimat Logical Conclusions- Events in the past, Logical Conclusion – Events in the present, Logical Conclusions- Events that repeat.
Ingat ini adalah daftar beberapa modals yang sering digunakan dalam Bahasa Inggris!
can
possibility, ability, permission
could
possibility, ability in the past
may
probability, permission
might
Probability
must
necessity, logical conclusion
shall
future with emphasis
should
advice, obligation, prediction
will
Future
would
Condition

Berikut penggunaan modals dalam contoh kalimat:
1.      Logical Conclusions- Events in the past (kejadian di waktu lampau)
Ingat bahwa must  adalah contoh modal. Must diikuti oleh verb wordhave’ dan sebuah participle mengekspresikan sebuah Logical conclusion (kesimpulan logik) berdasarkan bukti yang ada. Kesimpulannya merupakan tentang peristiwa yang terjadi di waktu lampau. Ingat bahwa pengamatan peristiwa sekarang (present) mungkin dapat menjadikan dasar untuk menyimpulkan tentang sesuatu yang terjadi di masa lampau. Sebagai contohnya ‘here is a message on my desk’, hal ini mungkin dapat disimpulkan  bahwa ‘my friend must have called last night’
S
must have
participle

My friend
must have
called
last night
Hindari penggunaan sebuah should atau can selain must. Hindari pnggunaan sebuah verb word kecuali ‘have’ dan sebuah participle ketika beranggapan kejadian pada waktu lampau.
Contohnya:
a.       Incorrect: The street are wet; it should have rained last night.
Correct   : The street are wet; it must have rained last night
b.      Incorrect: This pen won’t write, it can have run out of ink.
Correct   : This pen won’t write, it must have run out of ink.
c.       Incorrect: I don’t see Mia anywhere, she must be left early.
Correct   : I don’t see Mia anywhere, she must have left early.
d.      Incorrect: He doesn’t have his keys; he must locked them in his car.
Correct   : He doesn’t have his keys; he must have locked them in his car.
e.       Incorrect: He feels full in his stomach; he should have eaten many.
Correct   : He feels full in his stomach; he must have eaten many

2.      Logical Conclusion – Events in the present (kejadian di waktu sekarang)
Must diikuti dengan ‘be’ atau sebuah ‘-ing’ atau sebuah adjective (kata sifat) mengekspresikan sebuah Logical conclusion berdasarkan bukti. Kesimpulannya merupakan peristiwa yang sedang terjadi sekarang.
S
must be
-ing
present tense
My friend
must be
calling
now

S
must be
adjective
present tense
She
must be
upset
now
          Hindari penggunaan sebuah verb word kecuali bentuk –ing setelah must be
Contohnya:
a.         Incorrect: The line is busy; someone should be using the telephone now.
Correct   : The line is busy; someone must be using the telephone now
b.         Incorrect: Drake is absent; he must have been sick again (now).
Correct   : Drake is absent; he must be sick again (now).
c.         Incorrect: He is taking a walk; he must have felt better now.
Correct   : He is taking a walk; he must be feeling better now.
d.        Incorrect: She must be study at library now because all of the books are gone .
Correct : She must be studying at library now because all of the books are gone.

3.      Logical Conclusions- Events that repeat.(kejadian yang berulang)
Must diikuti oleh verb word mengekspresikan sebuah Logical conclusion berdasarkan bukti. Kesimpulannya berupa kejadian yang berulang.
S
must
verb word
repeated time
He
must
call
often
Hindari penggunaan infinitive dan bentuk –ing kecuali sebuah verb word setelah must.
Contohnya:
a.    Incorrect: Retna always gets good grades; she should study a lot.
    Correct   : Retna always gets good grades; she must study a lot
b.    Incorrect: His English is very good; he must spoken it often.
    Correct   : His English is very good; he must speak it often
c.    Incorrect: They can like their jobs because they seem very happy .
    Correct   : They must like their jobs because they seem very happy.
Bagaimana, mudah dipahami bukan penggunaan modals dalam bahasa Inggris? Uraian di atas merupakan contoh kalimat dengan modal untuk bentuk logical conclusion. Rajin-rajin berkunjung ke blog ini ya. See ya :)
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